Thread: The Double Game of Hizballah
06-07-2005, 09:56 AM #1
The Double Game of Hizballah
Dr. Ely Karmon - (not a school teacher from chicago).
ICT Senior Researcher
International Policy Institute for Counter-Terrorism
On March 10, the European Parliament finally branded Hizballah a terrorist group, urged the EU Council to take action against the organization and renewed a call for Syria to withdraw its troops and intelligence services from Lebanon.
Hizballah is an odd religious and political movement: it was born of terrorism in the 1980s, developed guerrilla warfare capabilities in the 1990s, and, by the beginning of the new millennium, had matured into an important Middle East strategic player, capable of influencing the course of peace and war in the region.
During the 1980s Hizballah killed hundreds of people in terrorist attacks against Western targets: the bombings of the U.S. embassy in Beirut in 1983 and 1984; the twin 1983 suicide attacks on U.S. and French peace forces in Beirut. In a 1998 interview, Mustapha Tlass, the ex-Syrian minister of Defense, boasted that he gave the green light to the Islamic organizations to act against the American and French forces in Lebanon. However, he said, facetiously, he did not permit operations against the Italians because he was enamored of the Italian film star, Gina Lolobrigida!
Hizballah’s activities were global in reach. In Europe, France and Spain were its major targets. In 1985 - 1986 Hizballah was linked to 13 bombings in Paris against shopping centers, rail stations, and trains, which killed 13 people and wounded more than 250. On April 12, 1985, 18 Spaniards were killed and 27 people injured in a Hizballah bomb attack on the El Descanso restaurant, near the U.S. Air Force base in Torrejon.
Hizballah also attacked Arab states and their citizens - Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain - and American and French targets in these countries, in cooperation by the way with militants of the Iraqi Dawa Party, the same party that today could lead the new Iraqi government.
Hizballah’s participation in the 1992 Lebanese parliamentary elections, and the Israeli unilateral withdrawal from southern Lebanon in May 2000 led analysts to predict that Hizballah would transform itself into a “normal” Lebanese political party.
However, Hizballah continued to consider terrorism a strategic tool and a religious duty, part of a “global jihad.” It was behind the two deadliest terrorist attacks in South America’s history: the bombings of the Israeli embassy in March 1992 and the Jewish community center (AMIA) in Buenos Aires in July 1994, killing 130 people; in 1996, it supported the Saudi Hizballah’s bombing of the Khobar Towers U.S. military complex in Saudi Arabia. In the 1990s, Hizballah unsuccessfully attempted to attack U.S. and Israeli ships docked in Singapore and the Israeli embassy in Bangkok, Thailand.
Even Osama bin Laden cited Hizballah’s 1983 suicide bombing of the U.S. Marine barracks in Beirut as the first “American defeat” by Islamist radicals.
Since October 2000, Hizballah supported the Palestinian terrorist campaign against Israel, in coordination with Syria and Iran, by providing training, logistical and operational support. Hizballah also put forth a significant effort toward establishing an independent terrorist and intelligence infrastructure inside both the Palestinian Authority and Israel. On the military front, the organization continued its cross-border attacks against Israeli forces in the Shebaa Farms area and expanded its arsenal of weaponry, acquiring thousands of rockets and missiles capable of reaching a greater number of Israeli targets.
In the last year, Hizballah has been behind some 70% of the terrorist attacks by radical Palestinians factions. Since the death of Yasser Arafat in November 2004 and the new Palestinian leadership’s attempts to renew negotiations with Israel on the background of the decision on unilateral withdrawal from Gaza, Hizballah has become a direct threat to the peace and reform processes. According to Palestinian Authority sources, Hizballah offered up to $100,000 to Fatah and Hamas activists in the West Bank and Gaza Strip to carry out a suicide attack against Israel. They also expressed fear that Hizballah and Iran were planning to kill PA Chairman Mahmoud Abbas in order to thwart attempts to revive the peace process.
Iran’s massive support for Hizballah has helped the organization to maintain pressure on Israel’s northern border and facilitate assistance to the Palestinian Islamist organizations.
Nevertheless, Syria - not Iran - has been the most important source of support for Hizballah’s activity against Israel, by providing a strategic umbrella, military and political coordination, and pressure on Beirut to give the organization free rein in southern Lebanon. This odd ******** between the secular Baathist regime of Syria, which killed 20,000 Syrian Muslim Brothers in 1982, and the jihadist Hizballah, transformed the latter into a strategic partner and operational arm of the Syrian army in confrontation with Israel.
Moreover, the balance of power between Damascus and Hizballah has shifted noticeably during the young Bashar Asad’s reign, with Hassan Nasrallah assuming greater independence and demonstrating a certain charismatic ascendancy.
The massive Beirut pro-Syrian demonstration, a Hizballah operation, included mainly Shiites bused from the slums of southern Beirut, but also Syrians in buses which crossed the frontier between the two countries. It offered a defiant challenge to the Lebanese opposition forces that have insisted on Syrian withdrawal and exposed fault lines of class and ideology. However, for the first time Hizballah was cautious not to use its own yellow flags and armed militia on the streets.
It is on this background that one must understand Hizballah’s support for the continuation of the Syrian presence in Lebanon. Hizballah leaders want to continue their double game as a legitimate Lebanese party and a radical Islamist organization which strives to Islamize the country, to destroy Israel, to expel all Western presence in the Arab and Muslim world through armed struggle. The Syrian withdrawal would position Hizballah as the next target and jeopardize its plans.
Nonetheless, if the internal and international pressure will continue, it is reasonable to accept the view expressed by the Lebanese opposition leader Jibran Tuweini, as cited by the New York Times: “This is a goodbye party, not a show of support for Syria…If they wanted this to be a challenge to us, they would have brought their party's yellow flags. But Hezbollah doesn't want to burn its bridges with anyone because ultimately they will have to return to the Lebanese people once everything is over.”
The huge March 13 Beirut counter-demonstration in Martyrs Square by the Lebanese opposition gathered according to some estimates more than one million Christians, Sunnis and Druzes and represents a dramatic and potent challenge to Syria, the pro-Syrian Lebanese government and its Hizballah ally.
International Policy Institute for Counter-Terrorism
06-07-2005, 11:11 AM #2
BEIRUT, June 6 (Xinhuanet) -- The pro-Syrian Shiite ******** of Amal movement and Hezbollah won south Lebanon polls Sunday in the second round of the legislative elections, Interior Minister Hassan al-Sabaa announced Monday.
Sabaa gave the official results of the Sunday vote at a press conference, saying the ******** of Hezbollah and Amal had won, by a wide margin.
The ******** won Sunday 17 of the contested seats in the parliament, while the ticket had already been declared the winner of six other seats in the south where there were no challengers, he added.
On Sunday evening, Nabih Beri, parliament speaker and leader ofthe Amal movement, announced his coalition with Hezbollah swept south Lebanon's parliamentary elections.
The results demonstrated the confidence placed by the people ofsouth Lebanon in the resistance front against Israel and their full backing in the face of current pressures and threats, Beri told reporters.
A concerned official revealed that the turnout for the two constituencies in south Lebanon is about 45 percent according to preliminary official estimates after the close of polling stations.
The second phase of Lebanon's parliamentary election began in south Lebanon on Sunday morning. There are a total of 665,385 eligible voters in the south's two constituencies.
Lebanon's four-phase legislative election started in Beirut on May 29, which the opposition party led by the son of Lebanon's former Prime Minister Rafik Hariri claimed a sweeping victory by winning the capital's all 19 seats. Enditem
There was international observers from the US,Canada and France observing the elections and they reported that the elections were clean and legit
06-07-2005, 12:03 PM #3
Zionists with their loyalty of Israel are getting irate that the Lebanese people support Hizbollah and its right to bear arms. And they are upset of the success of Hizbollah even though Israel has tried to frame them, and tried to accuse them of crimes they have never commited.
06-07-2005, 02:07 PM #4
The party of Godless
The only effective stop to Nasralas terror is a U.S. green light to Israel allowing it to completly destroy Hezbollah once and for all, with the support of the Free Lebanese, who now openly do not share the terrorist views of Hezbolla.
06-07-2005, 02:28 PM #5Originally Posted by singern
with the support of the Free Lebanese, who now openly do not share the terrorist views of Hezbolla.
06-07-2005, 03:41 PM #6
Militia he doesnt know what he is talking about. All he does is spread hate, a trait his people are good at.
06-07-2005, 04:03 PM #7Originally Posted by CAUSASIAN
06-07-2005, 04:21 PM #8Retired Vet
Originally Posted by CAUSASIAN
- Join Date
- Nov 2001
They won elections in the south, read the thread again. You've never been there to see the stranglehold they have on the civilian population of the south. But of course, their alot better than their predecessors, the PLO, who I think M'guy would agree are universally hated in the south.
06-07-2005, 05:20 PM #9
yea we had problems with the PLO but for a good reason because we knew about a plan between Arafat and the israelis to forget about their lands and their cause and to take part of lebanon and make it palestine we fought them because we didnt want the destruction of the palestinian cause.
06-07-2005, 05:32 PM #10Retired Vet
Originally Posted by MilitiaGuy
- Join Date
- Nov 2001
Come on M'guy, you know whats BS. The PLO who are born terrorists thought they could terrorise the normally peacefull Lebanese, awhilst attacking Israel's northern border. When the Israeli's invaded in '78 and again in '81 under operations 'Litani' and 'Peace for Galilee' the Lebanese population welcomed them in because of the persecution they were suffering under the hands of the PLO. Unfortunetly the Israeli's decided to stay, putting in a security zone causing the Muslim Lebanese to rise against them.
Nice to see the Amal and Hezbollah get along so good these days, politics certainly makes for strange bed fellows!. Wasn't too long ago I was cutting Amal and Hezbollah corpse's down from poles!.
06-08-2005, 07:59 AM #11Originally Posted by BOUNCER
Only people who have been there or live there would know this. And only those who have rejected terrorism as a way of life will admit to it.
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