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  1. #1
    jbrand's Avatar
    jbrand is offline Member
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    Exercise protects brain cells

    Got this off usenet, very interesting:

    Jogging Every Day May Keep Alzheimer's Away; Exercise Seen To Help
    Brain Respond To Outside Stimuli, May Affect Nerve Cell Health

    Irvine, Calif., May 16, 2002 —

    That daily jog may do more than keep you fit-it also might prevent the
    deterioration of brain cells that can lead to Alzheimer's disease,
    according to researchers at UC Irvine's College of Medicine.
    The researchers' work indicates that regular exercise controls the
    expression of genes in an area of the brain important for memory and
    maintaining healthy cells in the brain; this maintenance breaks down
    in cases of Alzheimer's. Their study appears in the June edition of
    Trends in Neurosciences.

    Carl Cotman, director of the Institute for Brain Aging and Dementia,
    and Nicole Berchtold, a researcher at the institute, found in rats
    that after three weeks of wheel-running, their brains had increased
    expression of some genes and decreased expression of others. Many of
    these genes are responsible for helping the brain respond to stress,
    learning and a wide range of other outside influences.

    "Studies have indicated the benefits of exercise in preventing
    Alzheimer's disease, but none have shown how-and why-exercise might
    help the brain prevent the cell degradation that can lead to the
    disease," Cotman said. "Our studies demonstrate for the first time a
    connection between the genes that control growth hormones and other
    important molecules and the genes' ability to be stimulated by
    exercise. We think this may show us a way to determine how much and
    what types of exercise may help reduce the risk of cognitive
    impairment and perhaps Alzheimer's disease."

    Alzheimer's disease affects more than four million Americans and is a
    debilitating, progressive disorder, marked by increasing losses in
    memory and cognitive function. Its cause is unknown, and researchers
    are looking at a wide range of options for treating and preventing the
    disease. Scientists only recently have looked at exercise as a
    possible prevention of Alzheimer's, Cotman and Berchtold note in their
    Trends paper.

    Using sophisticated microarray, or "gene chip," techniques, Cotman and
    Berchtold found that after three weeks of running on their cage
    wheels, rats had changed the expression, or activity, of genes in an
    area of the brain called the hippocampus, a structure usually
    associated with higher cognitive functions like memory, thinking and
    learning. These broad changes in gene expression could make the
    hippocampus more able to respond to outside influences, enabling the
    brain to be more adaptable to changing circumstances.

    "We were surprised to find the concentration of activity in the
    hippocampus. We presumed that exercise principally would affect motor
    areas and not areas of higher function in the brain," Berchtold said.
    "We also found a wide variety in the types of genes that were
    affected, indicating that exercise is a powerful regulator of brain
    activity."

    Other researchers' work has shown that learning, a high-level brain
    activity, can affect the productivity of a wide variety of genes,
    including those that:

    * Produce a chemical called BDNF, short for brain-derived neurotrophic
    factor, which helps amplify nerve signals important in maintaining a
    healthy nervous system;

    * Code for IGF-1, part of the immune system that helps in the growth
    of new nerve cells and aids in protection of cells from injury;

    * Regulate energy metabolism in cells, and even estrogen production.

    Studies also have shown that running increases the growth factor
    levels in rat brains and improves the rats' learning ability in mazes.

    The researchers are now looking at the complex interactions of the
    various genes in the hippocampus that appear to be controlled by
    exercise, in search of more evidence of how physical activity can
    affect brain functions during the aging process and could play a role
    in preventing Alzheimer's disease.

    UCI's Institute for Brain Aging and Dementia brings together
    scientists, nurses, clinicians, technicians and students from a
    variety of disciplines to study the causes, treatments and prevention
    of Alzheimer's and other disorders of the brain called dementias. The
    Institute also is an Alzheimer's Disease Research Center, which
    provides clinical assessments for patients suspected of having
    Alzheimer's, and supports community education, research and training.

  2. #2
    Sema's Avatar
    Sema is offline Associate Member
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    bump, informative post bro,

  3. #3
    VitaminT2's Avatar
    VitaminT2 is offline Associate Member
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    bump, good stuff

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